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Materials Glossary Details

Damask

Mactaggart Art Collection Read more about this collection »

TermDamask

Term Damask Type Materials Glossary; Weave Structures Common in Chinese Textiles Definition

Damask: Patterned fabric that is reversible, with contrasting sections of lustrous and matte designs. Satin weave is paired with one of the fundamental weave structures - plain, satin, or twill weave - to create the…

Damask: Patterned fabric that is reversible, with contrasting sections of lustrous and matte designs. Satin weave is paired with one of the fundamental weave structures - plain, satin, or twill weave - to create the motifs. A Jacquard loom is used to create this fabric, which has design motifs woven into the ground.


Brocade describes a type of woven fabric that features a multi-coloured pattern created using a discontinuous supplementary weft structure. Brocade is easily identified by the long floats on the backside of the fabric, which occur when the colourful weft yarns are not in use on the surface design. These floats make the fabric slightly thicker than other multi-coloured fabrics, such as tapestry. Brocade fabric can have a variety of ground fabrics, including twill, plain weave, leno, and satin. Brocade is woven on a complex loom (called a “drawloom”) that is operated by two weavers: one on the top of the loom (“drawboy”) and a second craftsperson operating the lower section.


Related Definitions:


Fiber: Natural (plant or animal) or synthetic material formed into a thread that is longer than it is wide.


Warp: lengthwise yarn that runs from the top to the bottom of the fabric. This yarn is typically held stationary during weaving.


Weft (or Fill or Filling Yarns): crosswise yarn that runs selvedge to selvedge, under and over the warp yarns in varying patterns to create different weave structures.


Yarn: A continuous length of interlocked fibers, which may or may not be twisted.

Plain Weave (or Tabby Weave): the most basic weave structure that consists of one warp and one weft thread intersecting at a right angle. The front and backside of the resulting fabric are the same.


Satin Weave: Four or more weft yarns intersecting with a warp yarn, or vice versa. The resulting floats, which are sections of the yarn that do not intersect, appear on the face of the fabric, producing a very glossy, smooth, and flat appearance.


Twill Weave: one weft thread passing over one or more warp threads and then under two or more warp threads creating diagonal ridges, which are the identifying feature of the resulting fabric.

Citation

Page Citation for Damask

Page Citation

"Materials Glossary Details - Damask, Mactaggart Art Collection." University of Alberta Museums Search Site, https://search.museums.ualberta.ca/g/8-272226/21-20625. Accessed 26 Sep. 2022.

Object Information

There are 105 objects associated with this Materials Glossary Term

2005.5.508 - Embroidered Pink Silk Sleeve Bands

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typesleeve band Artistunknown Date Madedate unknown

2005.5.511 - Embroidered Cream Silk Sleeve Bands

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typesleeve band Artistunknown Date Madedate unknown

2005.5.529 - Embroidered Peach Silk Skirt for a Woman

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typeskirt Artistunknown Date Madedate unknown

2005.5.531 - Embroidered Silk Fragmentary Panel from a Dragon Robe

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typepanel Artistunknown Date Madedate unknown

2005.5.539 - Embroidered Silk Vest for a Women

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typevest Artistunknown Date Madedate unknown

2005.5.541 - Embroidered Silk Hat for an Actor

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typehat Artistunknown Date Madedate unknown

2005.5.548 - Front and Back Panels of a Rank Badge for a Fifth Rank Civil Official

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typerank badge Artistunknown Date Made1796-1820

2005.5.550 - Front and Back Panels of a Rank Badge for a Fifth Rank Civil Official

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typerank badge Artistunknown Date Made1862-1874

2005.5.578 - Front and Back Panels of a Rank Badge for a Fifth Rank Civil Official

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typerank badge Artistunknown Date Made1875-1908

2005.5.623 - Green and Orange Velvet Panel

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typepanel Artistunknown Date Madedate unknown

2005.5.627 - Yellow Silk Damask Jacket for a Woman

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typejacket Artistunknown Date Madedate unknown

2005.5.628 - Yellow Silk Damask Jacket for a Woman

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typejacket Artistunknown Date Madedate unknown

2005.5.636 - Silk Canopy made from a Collar

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typecanopy Artistunknown Date Madedate unknown

2005.5.548.1 - Front Panel of a Rank Badge for a Fifth Rank Civil Official

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typerank badge Artistunknown Date Made1796-1820

2005.5.548.2 - Back Panel of a Rank Badge for a Fifth Rank Civil Official

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typerank badge Artistunknown Date Made1796-1820

2005.5.550.1 - Front Panel of a Rank Badge for a Fifth Rank Civil Official

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typerank badge Artistunknown Date Made1862-1874

2005.5.550.2 - Back Panel of a Rank Badge for a Fifth Rank Civil Official

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typerank badge Artistunknown Date Made1862-1874

2005.5.578.1.1 - Right Side of the Front Panel of a Rank Badge for a Fifth Rank Civil Official

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typerank badge Artistunknown Date Made1875-1908

2005.5.578.1.2 - Left Side of the Front Panel of a Rank Badge for a Fifth Rank Civil Official

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typerank badge Artistunknown Date Made1875-1908

2005.5.578.2 - Back Panel of a Rank Badge for a Fifth Rank Civil Official

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typerank badge Artistunknown Date Made1875-1908

2005.5.578.1 - Front Panel of a Rank Badge for a Fifth Rank Civil Official

Mactaggart Art Collection

Object Typerank badge Artistunknown Date Made1875-1908